The Basics for Changing Oil in Josephine County, Oregon
You need to change your engine oil, you know the process, and you think you can do it yourself, but need to know the right oil to use? Hays Oil has all the information you need when it comes to choosing the proper lubricant especially when you need to change your engine oil in Josephine County Oregon.
What Engine Oil to Use?
When buying engine oil, you will see that there are different kinds of them, with different weights, and prices. It is confusing, and that is why we are here to help you understand the differences between them and make it so that you get the right kind of engine oil for your car.
The three main types of engine oil:
- Mineral oil is basically crude oil, produced after being refined. It has no engine-cleaning detergent, which is required nowadays, making it the cheapest of all kinds. Mineral oil is usually being used by older engines that are used in tropical countries because its tolerance is less extreme.
- Synthetic oil is designed to work in a vast range of conditions and temperatures, from freezing to hot. While lessening the burden on the engine, resulting in lower fuel consumption, and cleans the engine's insides as it moves around. It is also the most expensive of all.
- Semi-synthetic oil is a mixture of synthetic and mineral oil, making it more affordable.
Engine Oil Viscosity
The numbers and letters we see on the bottle like 5W30 or 10W40 refer to its viscosity (thickness). It is usually known as the oil’s ‘flowability.’ Thick oil has high viscosity, and thin oil has low viscosity. Take for example condensed milk, when refrigerated has high viscosity, and when heated it has low viscosity.
Ambient temperature affects the oil in your vehicle. The oil flows quickly when it is hot, and it flows slowly when the temperature drops. The oil has to flow at a consistent rate to lubricate the engine well.
Unfortunately, there is no kind of oil formulated that can tackle a different type of situations. And here is where the SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) comes in. SAE made a grading system that tells us what grade of oil to use for a certain temperature.
These oils are formulated to various viscosities for different operating conditions and climates and are known as Multi-grade oils.
Letters and Numbers
Multi-grade oils have two numbers with a ‘W’ in the middle (e.g., 5W-30), on the label, and some have a single-viscosity rating, also known as mono-grade oils (e.g., SAE 20W). ‘W’ stands for winter.
The SAE’s grading system is 0, 5,10,20,30,40,50,60, and it refers to the ability to lubricate an engine depending on the temperature. The lower the number, the thinner the oil, which is best for colder temperatures especially winter. So you can choose thinner engine oil for lower temperatures and thicker engine oil for higher temperatures.
Problem solved! Now you can start picking the engine oil of your choice and have the best driving experience ever. After all, engine oil in Josephine County Oregon is always available.Engine Oil Josephine County Oregon
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